Today are known dozens of risk factors that contribute to the development of disease and death, the main ones being: hypertension, smoking, poor diet in fruit, alcohol use, environmental pollution, high body mass index (overweight and obesity), increased glucose in the blood, low physical activity, among many others. The specific importance of each of these risk factors may, however, vary depending on the region of the planet, sex, age group, etc. One of the problems of research in the area of health-both basic, clinical and epidemiological-how much is the difficulty in considering these particularities. Especially with regard to women’s health.
For now, a recent study in Australia reveals data that can contribute greatly to the prevention of heart disease in women. The researchers note, since 1996, more than 32 thousand women subdivided into 15 different age groups, being the younger subgroup of 22 to 27 years old and the eldest of 85 to 90 years. Women born in different periods, from 1921 to 1926, from 1946 to 1951 and from 1973 to 1978.
The study looked at the four major risk factors for heart disease in Australia-hypertension, smoking, overweight and physical inactivity-together, these factors are responsible for more than half of heart disease in the world. The analysis focused on the improvement of health standards with the absence or withdrawal of each individual risk factor (having never smoked or maintain optimal weight, for example).
Women of the younger subgroup (22-27 years) are the most smoke (28% of the total), and this increased heart risk in 59%. The proportion of smokers has been reduced a lot the older subgroups, reaching 5% in 73-78 years. In turn physical inactivity increases of 22 to 90 years. The researchers ‘ conclusion is that in women over 30 years, until the end of the 80s, sedentariness, individually, is largely responsible for heart disease. They estimate that 150 minutes of physical activity per week would reduce drastically the development of cardiovascular diseases, saving thousands of lives of women annually. The younger the smoking is the main risk factor.
Women: it’s clear that to live longer and better, according to current trends, the most important for those with less than 30 years is no smoking, and with more than 30 have a regular physical activity for the rest of his life.